Nostro Account Overview, How It Works, Example

Prior to the advent of the euro as a currency for financial settlements on Jan. 1, 1999, banks needed to hold nostro accounts in all the countries that now use the euro. If a country were to leave the eurozone, either voluntarily or involuntarily, banks would need to re-establish nostros in that country in its new currency in order to continue making payments. Unless you fancy a career in international banking, you might never need to use a nostro or vostro account personally. But if you’re sending money overseas with traditional banks, the chances are that your funds are passing through nostro accounts as part of the process. This guide covers the nostro account meaning, the relationship between the domestic bank you’re making a transfer with, and the facilitator bank holding the nostro account, and the confusing question of nostro vs vostro accounts. A nostro account and a vostro account actually refer to the same entity but from a different perspective.

The dealer who wants to receive or pay in foreign currency will approach to the bank to pay or receive the amount on behalf of him in foreign currency in exchange of home currency. The Account maintained by Domestic bank in home currency of foreign bank is NOSTRO account for domestic bank. A Nostro account is a reference that Bank A uses to refer to its account that is on deposit in Bank B, in the local currency of the country where Bank B is located. It is simply a record that Bank A’s money is held in Bank B to facilitate foreign exchange transactions and settlement of international trade. The central banks of many developing countries limit the buying and selling of their currencies, which is usually to control imports and exports and to control the exchange rate.

  • The bank which holds the nostro vostro account is called a facilitator bank and works in partnership with other banks to process international transfers, payments, and exchange.
  • We make no representations, warranties or guarantees, whether express or implied, that the content in the publication is accurate, complete or up to date.
  • This is similar to an individual keeping a detailed record of every payment in and out of his or her bank account so that she/he knows the balance at any point in time.
  • It is used to facilitate the settlement of international trade and foreign exchange transactions.

Contrarily, vostro accounts with a credit balance are considered liabilities. With the transfer complete, GTBank receives the dollar-denominated funds, converts them into the local currency (i.e., the naira), and deposits them to the local accounts of the recipients. GTBank, a Nigerian bank, gets a lot of money sent to its customers at home from the United States in the form of remittances. Since GTBank does not have a physical presence in the United States, it enters into an agreement with Citibank where the latter has an account remotely opened for GTBank in U.S. dollars.

Example of Nostro Account

However, with the adoption of the euro, a single whats a pip in forex account in the entire region is sufficient. Nostro and vostro are terms used to describe the same bank account; the terms are used when one bank has another bank’s money on deposit. The account is easy to operate and facilitate the banking relationships with international banks. The facilitator bank will open a euro account, but the account will be different from the typical checking account for residents of the eurozone.


From the point of view of the UK bank, though, it’s a vostro account – your account held on our books. It is the account which is maintained by domestic bank with the foreign bank in foreign currency whereas the VOSTRO account is the account held by foreign bank in home currency of that bank. Banks in the United States and the eurozone often hold Vostro accounts on behalf of other foreign banks, and the funds are held in the currency of the home currency of the country where they are on deposit. When opening a Nostro account, the client bank elects to open an account with another bank that it has a banking relationship with in a foreign country. Once the bank has secured an account with the facilitator bank, the latter will assist the former in making payments for transactions using its home currency.

Nostro Account vs. Vostro Account: What’s the Difference?

NOSTRO Accounts is the account kept in foreign currency held by one bank with another bank. The term Nostro is derived from latin word that means “ours” i.e., our account on your books. It is used for settlement of transactions which involves foreign currency dealings. NOSTRO account is the record held by domestic bank of the funds held with foreign bank in the currency of foreign bank.

A due from account refers to an asset account in the general ledger that indicates the amount of deposits currently held at another company. Learn accounting fundamentals and how to read financial statements with CFI’s free online accounting classes. The USD is the abbreviation for the U.S. dollar, the official currency of the United States of America and the world’s primary reserve currency.

Difference between Nostro Account and Vostro Account

The domestic dealer can pay to the foreign dealer in foreign exchange through the domestic bank and without taking any risk of foreign exchange. Usually, banks use Nostro accounts when buying or selling in another country where it does not have a physical presence, and instead uses an established bank in the foreign country to carry out the transaction on its behalf. If you’ve heard both of the terms nostro and vostro you might be wondering what the difference is between a nostro and a vostro account.


Major examples of convertible currencies are the U.S. dollar, Canadian dollar, British pound, the euro, and the Japanese yen. Khadija Khartit is a strategy, investment, and funding expert, and an educator of fintech and strategic finance in top universities. is oanda legit Available for 10 people or more.Must be booked one week in advance and 20 percent deposit is required. This publication is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to cover every aspect of the topics with which it deals.

Banks generally do not hold nostro accounts in those countries, as there is little or no foreign exchange business. When a bank needs to make a payment in a country where it does not hold a nostro account, it can use a bank with which it has a correspondent relationship to make the payment on its behalf. It is the account which is kept in foreign currency by the domestic bank with foreign bank having physical location in domestic country for the dealers who wants to deal in foreign currency. This gives assurance to the foreign dealer but the regulations involved are many hence cost is high for opening of the account. Nostro accounts are usually held by banks and large corporations that are involved in international trade.

nostro mean in Italian?

Nostro accounts are not the same as standard demand deposit accounts because these types of accounts are denominated in foreign currencies. In this case CMB will make entries on several other accounts, such as a teller’s receiving account, or a clearing account with the third bank holding C’s account. There is also the notion of a loro account (“theirs”), which is a record of an account held by a second bank on behalf of a third party; that is, my record of their account with you. In practice this is rarely used, the main exception being complex syndicated financing.

When it’s time to move money across currencies, banks work with their nostro accounts in the currency they need, to deposit and exchange currencies, making international transactions easier. The bank which holds the nostro vostro account is called a facilitator bank and works in partnership with other banks to process international transfers, payments, and exchange. A nostro account refers to an account that a bank holds in a foreign currency in another bank. Nostros, a term derived from the Latin word for “ours,” are frequently used to facilitate foreign exchange and trade transactions. The opposite term “vostro accounts,” derived from the Latin word for “yours,” is how a bank refers to the accounts that other banks have on its books in its home currency.

What is a Nostro Account?

These accounts come along with certain rules and regulations, and the returns need to be filed with the statutory bodies as per the due dates mentioned. It is generally more expensive since it is a facility provided by the home bank to execute foreign exchange transactions smoothly. To give guarantee to the foreign dealer that his money will be guaranteed paid in form of prior guarantee to the foreign bank from domestic bank. Before the adoption of the euro as the primary currency of the European Union, banks needed to hold What Is The Best Automated Trading Platform accounts in all countries in the eurozone.

For these accounts, the domestic bank is acting like a custodian or managing the accounts of a foreign counterpart. These accounts are utilized for facilitating the settlements of forex and foreign trades. And financial transactions to drive business growth in the future with ease in settlements and payment mechanisms.

It is used for settlement of international transactions involves payment or receipt in currency other than foreign currency. If a United States resident wants to open a euro account, they do not necessarily have to travel to Europe to open the account. Instead, they can approach a local US bank to set up the euro account on their behalf. The local US bank will then open a Nostro account with a facilitator bank with a physical presence in the eurozone that they have a banking relationship with. The facilitator bank uses its clearing network with the central bank to carry out the transaction. Take our earlier US bank, which holds a nostro account with a large UK financial institution.

A fxcm review account is an account a bank holds in a foreign bank, which is denominated in the local currency of the foreign bank. Nostro’s latin meaning is ours – so from the perspective of the domestic bank, the nostro account is our account, held by an international bank, in the currency of that country. It refers to the foreign bank account established through the domestic bank in the respective country of the currency desired. Alternatively, it will be considered a Vostro account for other banks, i.e., your account in our books of accounts. These accounts are not opened in countries on the restricted list or where there is a minimal amount of foreign exchange transactions happening.

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